The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
PopeFrancis will meet with refugees and migrants on a visit this week, and plans to help relocate some from the country ...Turkey, hosting around 3.6 million Syrian refugees, "could flood the island if wanted", said Corina Drousiotou from the CyprusRefugeeCouncil ... Turkey, he said.
Similar to how Turkey opened its borders to EU member Greece in March 2020 to allow Syrian refugees to make their way to western Europe, Belarus has been using migrants as leverage against Europe ...It's not surprising that non-EU countries like Turkey or Belarus have attempted to reap some regional benefits by using refugees as pawns against the EU.
The daily noted that the interpreter claimed he was violently attacked by Greek forces, who eventually pushed him, along with at least 100 other refugees, towards Turkey... He was headed to the northern port city of Thessaloniki by bus when police stopped the bus and pulled him and other refugees off the vehicle.
... trapped in Idlib and the many more millions of Syrian refugees in Turkey, victimised by Assad and dependent on Turkey for so much, still find protection and sanctuary from a Turkish government that economically relies on a state that is trying to rehabilitate their victim-maker?.
Twenty-nine asylum seekers landed Wednesday on the Greek island of Lesbos, four days before PopeFrancis was to make a symbolic visit to the migration hotspot emblematic of Europe’s long-running refugee crisis ... Lesbos once harbored the Moria refugee camp, which was Europe’s largest until it burned down last year.
Hundreds of Syrian refugees shared their stories of refuge on Twitter over the past two days under the Arabic-language hashtag "I am a refugee" ...Syrians have sought asylum on every continent but face increasing pressures to return amid rising anti-refugee sentiments in Europe, Turkey, and Lebanon, and increasingly restrictive asylum policies.
Thirty-six refugee NGOs on Tuesday requested to meet PopeFrancis to inform him of refugees' living conditions in Greece before his visit to Athens and migration hotspot Lesbos this weekend ... Lesbos was home to Europe's largest refugee camp until it burned down last year.
Today, Turkey hosts roughly 3.6 million Syrian refugees, as well as 320,000 registered Afghans, Iraqis, and Iranians... With this in mind, and from Europe’s viewpoint, the risk of Turkey rejecting its role as the continent’s gatekeeper only increases with more refugees – whether from Syria, Afghanistan, or elsewhere.
More than 100 political murders in Turkey have been attributed to the group ... In all likelihood, foreign policy concerns were important in this decision, as the federal government is preoccupied with maintaining good relations with Ankara in order to keep the EU–Turkey refugee deal intact.
Turkey has completed most of the construction for a "new city" in Syria's northwestern Idlib governorate to house Syrian refugees displaced by years of conflict in the country ... Turkey hosts more than 3.5 million Syrian refugees, which has become a major political issue in the country with some opposition parties calling for their return.
• 11.2 million people were newly displaced (or newly registered) in 2020, including 9.8 million IDPs, 305,500 refugees and 1.1 million asylum-seekers ... • With pandemic-related border closures and travel restrictions, only a limited number of refugees and IDPs were able to avail themselves of voluntary return and resettlement opportunities.
An American woman invited an Afghan refugee family for a Thanksgiving meal and served a delicious turkey in an attempt to help them get acquainted with American traditions and settle down in the new country ... Nagy made a big turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes and spinach along with ...
The government announced in 2019 that it would shut the five camps set up on Greek islands during the height of Europe's migration crisis, when hundreds of thousands of people, mainly Syrian refugees, arrived from Turkey on rubber boats.