The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Refugees fleeing the long conflict in Syria once were welcomed in neighboring Turkey with open arms, sympathy and compassion for fellow Muslims ... Turkey hosts the world's largest refugee population, and many experts say that has come at a cost ... On a recent visit to Turkey, United ...
According to the UN RefugeeAgency, 6.6 million Syrians have been forced to leave the country in the past decade. Turkey alone hosts approximately 3.7 million Syrians -- more than any other country in the world ... .
Berlin... “Tschuss Mutti,” the billboard reads. “Bye, bye, Mommy.” ... Read more ... Take Europe ... In 2016, for example, the chancellor spearheaded a deal with Turkey to take in refugees ... But it’s hardly a sustainable solution, neither for Turkey - where economic difficulties and growing numbers of refugees threaten to destabilise the country - nor for Europe ... .
“Where are these refugees going to go now? It is unthinkable for Turkey to open its doors and accept them,” said Erdogan. Erdogan has repeatedly pointed out that Turkey already is home to some five million migrants and refugees, including around 3.7 million from Syria and some 420,000 Afghans.
“Where are these refugees going to go now? It is unthinkable for Turkey to open its doors and accept them,” said Erdogan. Erdogan has repeatedly pointed out that Turkey already is home to some five million migrants and refugees — including around 3.7 million from Syria and some 420,000 Afghans.
... effort to seek cooperation with Turkey. ... He argued that it is possible to fight new common enemies together by cooperating with Turkey, citing cooperation can be made with Ankara on the climate crisis and refugee issue.
Erdogan’s comments came right after his arrival to Turkey from the US ... surface-to air missiles, which had already created tension between Turkey and the US ... He added that the US cannot expect Turkey to receive Afghan refugees and open its door to them.
He said Afghan migrants and refugees would go to Iran and “some will stay there,” and others would go to Turkey, and from there “they will try to go to Europe.”.Last week, Turkey warned of a new wave of Afghan refugees ... They (Afghan refugees and migrants) sleep on the streets and in front of shops and in garages,” said Mehrab.
“But it is not – and should not be seen as – a complete number of conflict-related killings in Syria... According to the UN RefugeeAgency, some 6.6 million Syrians have been forced to leave the country over the past decade. Turkey alone hosts approximately 3.7 million of these people – more than any other country in the world. .
Turkey beefs up border security as refugees flee Afghanistan. Van, Turkey — Some of the refugees fleeing the Taliban’s brutality in Afghanistan are taking an arduous route across neighboring Iran to try and cross into Turkey ...Afghan refugees seek asylum in Europe ... have said they will take 20,000 refugees each.
Since March last year, Turkey has refused to readmit refugees whose asylum applications have been rejected in the EU. This runs counter to its obligations under an agreement struck with the bloc in 2016, and has led to unrest on Greece’s eastern Aegean islands, which are the main entry point for refugees coming from Turkey.
"Where are these refugees going to go now? It is unthinkable for Turkey to open its doors and accept them," said Erdogan. Erdogan has repeatedly pointed out that Turkey already is home to some five million migrants and refugees - including around 3.7 million from Syria and some 420,000 Afghans.
Turkey hosts the world’s largest refugee population – some 4 million, mostly Syrians – and has warned that it cannot accept any more arrivals from Afghanistan... to welcome any more Afghan refugees in Turkey,” Erdogan said in a preview of a CBS interview due to be broadcast Sunday.