The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Experimental Solidarities across the Refugee vs ... In the face of this conflict, Pinar shifted her academic focus to migrant women fleeing Syria for Turkey ... Pinar continued studying migrant women while pursuing her PhD at Rutgers University, focusing specifically on how refugees were involved in various social movements across Turkey.
In addition to the Greek genocide, tension continued to simmer between the countries of Greece and Turkey... While most of these families were provided with land and housing, these houses either did not contain any belongings, or contained only those left behind by the Muslim refugees leaving Turkey ... Turkey's ReligiousGhost Town .
Maryam is an asylum seeker and has rights according to international conventions, to which Turkey is also a signatory, such as the 1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees. "In 2020, the European Union reportedly paid the final installment of a €6 billion fund to Turkey as part of a deal on hosting refugees.
“'Son of a Greek’ was a famous swearword among locals, used against the exchanged.” Greek refugees at the Port of Moudania (today Mudanya), Turkey in 1922 ... Those remaining were transferred to Greece under the terms of the later 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey, which formalised the exodus and barred the return of the refugees.
So far, all members of the Alliance, except for Hungary and Turkey have ratified the Swedish and Finnish NATO memberships in their parliaments ...Erdogan has made it clear that he would block the accession of the two Nordic countries unless Sweden extradites about 130 political refugees, mainly Kurds, to stand trial in Turkey.
It also expressed understanding for the “pressures that Turkey is facing at the local and international levels.” These include Turkey’s need to make progress on facilitating the return of Syrian refugees and countering the “Kurdish threat” before Turkish elections in May.
This would also be his way of signaling to Biden and leaders of Ankara’s key European and NATO allies that “they should not turn their back on Turkey’s leader because they will still need him on a plethora of key security issues, from managing refugee flows to NATO expansion.” To ...
Turkey took in millions of Syrian refugees fleeing that vicious conflict. In recent years, however, hostility towards this large refugee population inside Turkey has grown as the economic situation worsened ... "Because of the Turkish public's low appetite for accepting more refugees, ...
Three-and-a-half million Syrian refugees in Turkey could soon find themselves vulnerable to forced return if an agreement is struck between Turkey and Syria; ongoing operations against the Islamic State could be jeopardised – and the security of US forces in eastern Syria compromised ... And there is hostility towards Syrian refugees in Turkey.
But Jordan stopped accepting refugees, and Mazen’s parents and sisters went to Turkey instead ... His sisters also married and had children in Turkey. Seven years ago, Mazen and his wife were offered the chance to leave their refugee status in Jordan and settle permanently Canada.
A refugee has claimed that the 5-year-old girl’s death on an islet of the Evros river at the borders with Turkey “was set up.” Traffickers are said to have suggested the allegedly fake story that became a media sensation last August after a girl had reportedly died after a scorpion bit her.
One of the 38 refugees ... After the refugees were finally admitted on Greek soil and sent to a camp, Baidaa disappeared, he said ... Her social media posts indicate that she shuttled between Germany and Turkey, and her life, as presented in them, is far from that of a stateless refugee.